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 1. (TCO F) Wahr Corporation bases its predetermined overhead rate on the estimated labor hours for the upcoming year. At the beginning of the most recently completed year, the company estimated the labor hours for the upcoming year at 32,000. The estimated variable manufacturing overhead was \$7.17 per labor hour and the estimated total fixed manufacturing overhead was \$584,320. The actual labor hours for the year turned out to be 33,300. Required: Compute the company’s predetermined overhead rate for the recently completed year. (Points : 25)

 2. (TCO C) Enciso Corporation is preparing its cash budget for November. The budgeted beginning cash balance is \$31,000. Budgeted cash receipts total \$135,000 and budgeted cash disbursements total \$141,000. The desired ending cash balance is \$50,000. The company can borrow up to \$100,000 at any time from a local bank, with interest not due until the following month. Required:

 1. (TCO C) The following overhead data are for a department of a large company. Actual costs                  Static Incurred                         budget Activity level (in units)                           360                                340 Variable costs: Indirect materials                     \$4,182                           \$4,148 Electricity                               \$2,536                           \$2,414 Fixed costs: Administration                          \$6,540                           \$6,500 Rent                                        \$6,310                           \$6,400 Required:  Construct a flexible budget performance report that would be useful in assessing how well costs were controlled in this department. (Points : 30)

 2. (TCO D) Mr. Earl Pearl, accountant for Margie Knall, Inc. has prepared the following product-line income data: PRODUCT Total             A                  B                      C Sales…………………………………………\$ 100,000……..\$50,000………\$20,000………..\$30,000 Variable expenses…………………………  60,000……….30,000…………10,000………….20,000 Contribution margin……………………….. .40,000……….20,000…………10,000………….10,000 Fixed expenses: Rent…………………………………………. .5,000………..2,500…………..1,000……………1,500 Depreciation………………………………. 6,000………..3,000…………..1,200…………….1,800 Utilities………………………………………4,000………..2,000……………..500…………….1,500 Supervisors’ salaries…………………..   5,000………. 1,500……………..500…………….3,000 Maintenance………………………………3,000………..1,500………………600………………900 Administrative expenses……………. 10,000………..3,000……………..2,000…………..5,000 Total fixed expenses…………………… 33,000……….13,500……………5,800………….13,700 Net operating income…………………… \$7,000……….\$6,500………….\$4,200…………(\$3,700) The additional information below is available. ·  The factory rent of \$1,500 assigned to Product C is avoidable if the product is dropped. ·  The company’s total depreciation would not be affected by dropping C. ·  Eliminating Product C will reduce the monthly utility bill from \$1,500 to \$800. ·  All supervisors’ salaries are avoidable. ·  If Product C is discontinued, the maintenance department will be able to reduce monthly expenses from \$3,000 to \$2,000. ·  Elimination of Product C will make it possible to cut two persons from the administrative staff. Currently, their combined salaries total \$2,000. Required: Prepare an analysis showing whether Product C should be eliminated.  Articulate your findings. (Points : 30)

3. (TCO E) The following absorption costing income statement and additional data are available from the accounting records of Bernon Co. for the month ended May 31, 2007. During the accounting period, 17,000 units were manufactured and sold at a price of \$60 per unit. There were no beginning inventories.

 Bernon Co. Absorption Costing Income Statement for the Month Ended May 31, 2007 Sales (17,000 @ \$60) \$1,020,000 Cost of goods sold 612,000 Gross profit \$ 408,000 Selling and administrative expenses 66,000 Income from operations \$ 342,000

 Cost Total Cost Number of Units Unit Cost Manufacturing costs: Variable \$442,000 17,000 \$26 Fixed 170,000 17,000 10 Total \$612,000 \$36 Selling and administrative expenses: Variable (\$2 per unit sold) \$34,000 Fixed 32,000 Total \$66,000

Required: Prepare a new income statement for the year using variable costing. Comment on the differences, if any, between the absorption costing and the variable costing income statements.

(Points : 30)

 4. (TCO A) The following data (in thousands of dollars) have been taken from the accounting records of Karmana Corporation for the just-completed year. Sales ………………………………………………………\$950 Raw materials inventory, beginning …………………\$10 Raw materials inventory, ending …………………….\$30 Purchases of raw materials ………………………….\$120 Direct labor ………………………………………………\$180 Manufacturing overhead ……………………………..\$230 Administrative expenses ……………………………..\$100 Selling expenses ………………………………………..\$140 Work-in-process inventory, beginning ………………\$70 Work-in-process inventory, ending ………………….\$40 Finished goods inventory, beginning ………………\$100 Finished goods inventory, ending ……………………\$80Use these data to prepare (in thousands of dollars) a schedule of Cost of Goods Manufactured and a Schedule of Cost of Goods Sold for the year. In addition, elaborate on the relationship between these schedules as they relate to the flow of product costs in a manufacturing company. (Points : 25)

 1. (TCO F) Maverick Corporation uses the weighted-average method in its process costing system. Data concerning the first processing department for the most recent month are listed below. Work in process, beginning: Units in beginning work-in-process inventory 400 Materials costs \$6,900 Conversion costs \$2,500 Percent complete for materials 80% Percent complete for conversion 15% Units started into production during the month 6,000 Units transferred to the next department during the month 5,600 Materials costs added during the month \$112,500 Conversion costs added during the month \$210,300   Ending work in process: Units in ending work-in-process inventory 800 Percentage complete for materials 70% Percentage complete for conversion 30%   Required: Calculate the equivalent units for materials for the month in the first processing department. (Points : 25)

2. (TCO B) Heckaman Corporation produces and sells a single product. Data concerning that product appear below.

 Selling price per unit \$230.00 Variable expense per unit \$112.70 Fixed expense per month \$239,292

Required:

Determine the monthly break-even in unit sales. Show your work! (Points : 25)

 3. (TCO G) – (Ignore income taxes in this problem.) Axillar Beauty Products Corporation is considering the production of a new conditioning shampoo that will require the purchase of new mixing machinery. The machinery will cost \$375,000, is expected to have a useful life of 10 years, and is expected to have a salvage value of \$50,000 at the end of 10 years. The machinery will also need a \$35,000 overhaul at the end of Year 6. A \$40,000 increase in working capital will be needed for this investment project. The working capital will be released at the end of the 10 years. The new shampoo is expected to generate net cash inflows of \$85,000 per year for each of the 10 years. Axillar’s discount rate is 16%. Required: a.       What is the net present value of this investment opportunity? b.      Based on your answer to (a) above, should Axillar go ahead with the new conditioning shampoo? (Points : 35)

1. (TCO G)  (Ignore income taxes in this problem.) Five years ago, the City of Paranoya spent \$30,000 to purchase a computerized radar system called W.A.S.T.E. (Watching Aliens Sent To Earth). Recently, a sales rep from W.A.S.T.E. Radar Company told the city manager about a new and improved radar system that can be purchased for \$50,000. The rep also told the manager that the company would give the city \$10,000 in trade on the old system. The new system will last 10 years. The old system will also last that long but only if a \$4,000 upgrade is done in 5 years. The manager assembled the following information to use in the decision regarding which system is more desirable:
 Old System New System Cost of radar system………………….. \$30,000 \$50,000 Current salvage value…………………. \$10,000 – Salvage value in 10 years…………….. \$5,000 \$8,000 Annual operating costs……………….. \$34,000 \$29,000 Upgrade required in 5 years………… \$4,000 – Discount rate…………………………….. 14% 14%

Required:

1. What is the City of Paranoya’s net present value for the decision described above? Use the total cost approach.
2. Should the City of Paranoya purchase the new system or keep the old system?

1. (TCO G)  (Ignore income taxes in this problem.) Five years ago, the City of Paranoya spent \$30,000 to purchase a computerized radar system called W.A.S.T.E. (Watching Aliens Sent To Earth). Recently, a sales rep from W.A.S.T.E. Radar Company told the city manager about a new and improved radar system that can be purchased for \$50,000. The rep also told the manager that the company would give the city \$10,000 in trade on the old system. The new system will last 10 years. The old system will also last that long but only if a \$4,000 upgrade is done in 5 years. The manager assembled the following information to use in the decision regarding which system is more desirable:
 Old System New System Cost of radar system………………….. \$30,000 \$50,000 Current salvage value…………………. \$10,000 – Salvage value in 10 years…………….. \$5,000 \$8,000 Annual operating costs……………….. \$34,000 \$29,000 Upgrade required in 5 years………… \$4,000 – Discount rate…………………………….. 14% 14%

Required:

1. What is the City of Paranoya’s net present value for the decision described above? Use the total cost approach.
2. Should the City of Paranoya purchase the new system or keep the old system?